See Psalms on \"Psalms 23:1\" for further information. We can imagine various meanings for “the valley of the shadow of death.”. Psalm 2:3. With this verse, he begins to use the second person (“you” and “your”). But mostly, they were comforting because they were in the hands of a caring shepherd. The LORD as Shepherd sustains. A psalm of David. Psalm 2 Commentary: Divisions. The valley of the ; and Briggs, Charles A., The Brown-Driver-Briggs Hebrew and English Lexicon (Peabody, Massachusetts: Hendrickson Publishers, 1906, 2004), Doniach, N.S. First, the contemplative. 4 The psalmist likely looks back at what God has done for His people, 5 (especially in the (first) Exodus) and trusts that God will continue to be God. Almost 25 years ago, I was diagnosed with colon cancer. and flame will not scorch you. That symmetric bracketing was a literary device intended to focus attention on the middle phrase, “for you are with me.” God’s saving presence is the focal point of this psalm. I am inclined to see two images in the psalm, that of the shepherd (vv. I shall not want = That's Supply! He restored my soul = That's Healing! A Psalm of David, n when he fled from Absalom his son. Some render it "cast away from him" (c); either from Christ, or everyone from himself. On still other days, she found herself walking through the middle of the valley. 5 You prepare a table before me in the presence of my enemies. The work of righteousness in peace. PSALM 23 . And cast away their cords from us - The same idea under another form - the cords referring not to that which would bind them as prisoners, but to the ropes or thongs which bound oxen to the plow; and, hence, to that which would bind men to the service of God. (Grand Rapids: William B. Eerdmans Publishing Company, 1979-1988), Brown, Francis; Driver, S.R. Bible Gateway Recommends. He first spoke them for Israel’s sake, but he caused Isaiah to record them for our sake. “With joy you will draw water out of the wells of salvation” (Isaiah 12:3). 2. The enemy was strongly entrenched there, and was determined to stay. EXPLANATORY NOTES AND QUAINT SAYINGS Verse 1-4. 4 (Nashville: Abingdon Press, 1996), Waltner, James H., Believers Church Bible Commentary: Psalms (Scottdale, Pennsylvania: Herald Press, 2006, Baker, Warren (ed. A Psalm of David. Psalm 51. (c) in the conduct of individual sinners - in the opposition of the human heart to the authority of the Lord Jesus. Let us break their bands asunder, and cast away their cords from us. You prepare a table before me in the … 76 With this background in mind, let us begin our study of Psalm 23. Anderson, A.A., The New Century Bible Commentary: Psalms 1-72 (Grand Rapids: Eerdmans, 1972), Broyles, Craig C., New International Biblical Commentary: Psalms (Peabody, Massachusetts: Hendrickson Publishers, 1999, Brueggemann, Walter, The Message of the Psalms A Theological Commentary (Minneapolis: Augsburg Press, 1984), Clifford, Richard J., Abingdon Old Testament Commentaries: Psalms 1-72 (Nashville: Abingdon Press, 2002), Craigie, Peter C., Word Biblical Commentary, Psalms 1-50, Vol. Ellicott's Commentary for English Readers, Keil and Delitzsch Biblical Commentary on the Old Testament. He maketh me to lie down in green pastures, etc. “You anoint my head with oil” (v. 5b). The word hesed also has a variety of meanings –– kindness, lovingkindness, mercy, goodness, faithfulness, or love. Perhaps, also, in the words "let us cast away" there is the expression of an idea that it could be easily done: that they had only to will it, and it would be done. The word translated "cords" is a stronger word than that which is rendered bands. Grass is a plant that grows in fields. “Surely goodness (Hebrew: tob) and loving kindness (Hebrew: hesed) shall follow me all the days of my life” (v. 6a). (1) A declaration and its immediate result. The rod and staff were comforting to the sheep, because both were intended for the sheep’s benefit. He is no longer speaking about God, but is instead speaking to God. It means properly what is twisted or interlaced, and refers to the usual manner in which ropes are made. Many of David's psalms are full of complaints, but this is full of comforts, and the expressions of delight in God's great goodness and dependence upon him. (New Haven: Yale University Press, 2007), Freedman, David Noel (Ed. a. The 23rd Psalm – most of us can recite it, but what meaning does it hold for you personally? Psalm 50:23 in all English translations. Psalm 49. A. James Montgomery Boice points out that since these titles are in the canonical text of the Hebrew Bible, “They are to be taken with absolute seriousness throughout.” He makes me to lie down in green pastures = That's Rest! Verse 2. When you walk through the fire, you will not be burned, Isaiah 58:6; Isaiah 10:27.). This is called the superscription. “and I will dwell in Yahweh’s (Hebrew: YHWH) house forever” (v. 6b). The New Testament speaks of Jesus as anointed (Luke 4:18; John 20:31; Acts 5:42; Hebrews 1:9, etc.). That’s the first section. He served them bread, saying, “Take, eat; this is my body.” Then he took a cup, and after giving thanks he gave it to them, saying, “Drink from it, all of you; for this is my blood of the covenant, which is poured out for many for the forgiveness of sins” (Matthew 26:26-28). 5-6). (Comp. Psalm 23 Commentary : The majority of this site is devoted to exploring the meaning of psalm 23. Many are p rising against me; 2 many are saying of my soul, q “There is no salvation for him in God.” Selah 1. and Kahane, Ahuvia, The Oxford English-Hebrew Dictionary (Oxford University Press, 1998), Fohrer, Georg, Hebrew & Aramaic Dictionary of the Old Testament (SCM Press, 2012), Freedman, David Noel (ed. In that culture, people considered a person’s name to be more than a simple label to identify that person. Other than the president and family, only a handful of people have been invited to make the White House their home––and then only for a few years. Adam Clarke Commentary. He was tempted to fret over his life on many occasions, not the least of which was the time when Saul was seeking his life, which according to some commentators may very well form the background to this psalm. The Hebrew word, sulhan (table), could refer to an animal hide spread on the ground like a picnic blanket. He makes me to lie down in green pastures; He leads me beside the still waters. “Your rod and your staff, they comfort me” (v. 4c). I will sanctify my great name, which has been profaned among the nations, which you have profaned in their midst; and the nations shall know that I am Yahweh, says the Lord Yahweh, when I shall be sanctified in you before their eyes” (Ezekiel 36:22-23). He talks about going through it, showing that he expects to emerge from its shadows into the light on the other side. It is a hymn of praise throughout, expressing wonder that Yahweh has made people “a little lower than God” (v. 5) and “ruler over the works of your hands” (v. 6). Augustine is said to have beheld, in a dream, the one hundred and nineteenth Psalm rising before him as a tree of life in the midst of the paradise of God. The overflowing cup symbolizes the Lord’s generosity. It may be a good idea to craft your own definition of this powerful prayer to read from time to time and to have handy should you need it in an unexpected situation. 23 Whoso offereth praise glorifieth me: and to him that ordereth his conversation aright will I shew the salvation of God. Then we get to v. 4, and it doesn't fit. Anointing with oil was used for various purposes (healing, burial, expressing grief or joy). When the end of the Babylonian Exile and Israel’s salvation was nigh, God told Israel: “Don’t be afraid, for I have redeemed you. Psalm 23 The Lord is my Shepherd = That's Relationship! We will not have this man to reign over us. The center point of this psalm is “for you are with me.” In the original Hebrew language, there are 26 words before this phrase, and 26 afterwards (Limburg, 74). There are few experiences in life that would be more satisfying. Psalm 23:4 Parallel Verses [⇓ See commentary ⇓] Psalm 23:4, NIV: "Even though I walk through the darkest valley, I will fear no evil, for you are with me; your rod and your staff, they comfort me." The shepherd’s staff was the familiar long rod with a crook on one end. The structure of Psalm 2 is made of three parts. The way of duty is the truly pleasant way. But if it is an honor to be invited to the President’s home, it is an infinitely greater honor to be invited to the Lord’s house. But the psalm’s language and imagery may be more fitting for the season of Easter when the Church tries to discern how to live in light of … Continue reading "Commentary on Psalm 23" Everything makes sense in our understanding of a shepherd leading his flock to green grass and calm waters. This is the first psalm with a title: A Psalm of David when he fled from Absalom his son. The Hebrew word rewayah suggests abundance––even superabundance. When I asked the oncologist how serious it was, he said, “Stage three––maybe Stage three and a half.” My chances of survival were less than 50-50. This twenty-third may be … There are two systems for numbering the verses in the Psalms. You are mine. God is holy, and takes his holy name seriously: Since God is holy, we as God’s people need to insure that we do not tarnish his name by our wrongful words or actions. Green fields means that the sheep would find plenty to eat. Here you'll find a short study on the psalm by John Calvin, exploring the thanksgiving nature of David's writing. returns my soul). They believed that something of the person’s identity was tied up in the name––that the name expressed something of the person’s essential character. To eat at the King’s table in the presence of your enemies would show your enemies that the king holds you in high regard, and would demonstrate their powerlessness to hurt you. I had good medical care. A commentary that takes into consideration the entire Bible, however, reveals Psalm 22 to contain a detailed prophecy of how Jesus dies on the cross to pay the death penalty due for our sins (see John 3:16), including those highlighted below and explained further below (also see Isaiah 53 commentary). Thou, O Lord art a shield - As a shield covers and defends the body from the strokes of an adversary, so wilt thou cover and defend me from them that rise up against me. ), Mounce’s Complete Expository Dictionary of Old and New Testament Words (Grand Rapids:  Zondervan, 2006), Renn, Stephen D., Expository Dictionary of Biblical Words: Word Studies for Key English Bible Words Based on the Hebrew and Greek Texts (Peabody, Massachusetts: Hendrickson Publishers, Inc., 2005), Richards, Lawrence O., Encyclopedia of Bible Words (Zondervan, 1985, 1991), Sakenfeld, Katharine Doob (ed. “for his name’s sake” (v. 3c). Many people were praying for me. Some even see the imagery of a guide in verses 3 and 4. Oils and ointments can salve wounds and insect bites. Though the majority of the occurrences of hesed are translated ‘steadfast love,’ there are undeniable elements of ‘mercy’ and ‘kindness’ that underlie each of these occurrences” (Renn, 633-634). In the Bible, anointing was used to designate a person for a significant role. 14a (Downers Grove, Illinois: Inter-Varsity Press, 1973), Limburg, James, Westminster Bible Companion: Psalms (Louisville: Westminster John Knox Press, 2000, Mays, James Luther, Interpretation: Psalms (Louisville: John Knox, 1994), McCann, J. Clinton, Jr., The New Interpreter’s Bible: The Book of Psalms, Vol. David was a man just like we are. (b) Thus the wicked say that they will cast off the yoke of God and of his Christ. What Is Psalm 23? The sense of this verse then is that, because God is loving and kind, his people can expect God to provide blessings throughout life. To be invited to God’s table is the ultimate honor. “I will fear no evil, for you are with me” (v. 4b). 1. 6 Surely goodness and loving kindness shall follow me all the days of my life, and I will dwell in Yahweh’s house forever. But what may concern us about Psalm 23 is its reputation — that is, it is known for the most part as a “funeral psalm.” To be sure, it is not a bad thing that Psalm 23 speaks palpably … Continue reading "Commentary on Psalm 23" For other references to “the shadow of death,” see Jeremiah 2:6 and Job 10:21-22. Pop(ular) Song. And they would sleep easily. There are no halfway measures when it comes to the Lord’s provision for our lives. ), Eerdmans Dictionary of the Bible (Grand Rapids: William B. Eerdmans Publishing Co., 2000), Mounce, William D., (ed. Depression and other illnesses can enshroud us in darkness and threaten us with death. Psalm 23:4, ESV: "Even though I walk through the valley of the shadow of death, I will fear no evil, for you are with me; your rod and your staff, they comfort me." He leads me beside the still waters = That's Refreshment! Even though I walk through the darkest valley, I will fear no evil, for you are with me; your rod and your staff, they comfort me. The second section runs from verse 4 trough verse 9. ), The Anchor Yale Bible Dictionary, 6 vol. and cast away their cords from us; with relation to the Lord and his Anointed, whose laws, ordinances, and truths, they call "bands" and "cords"; so Arama interprets them of the law, and the commandments; or a "yoke", as the Vulgate Latin, Septuagint, Syriac, Arabic, and Ethiopic versions render the last word; and the phrases in general express their irreverence of God and the Messiah, their rejection Christ and his religion; their non-subjection to him, and their refusal to have him to rule over them; and their disesteem and contempt of his Gospel, and of the ordinances of it, and of the laws and rules of his government in his churches: and also they show the wrong notion that carnal men have of these things that whereas Christ's yoke is easy, and his burden light, Matthew 11:30; his Gospel and the truths of it make men free from the slavery of sin and Satan, and from a spirit of bondage, Romans 8:15; and true Gospel liberty consists in an observance of his commands and ordinances; yet they look upon these things as bands and cords, as fetters and shackles, as so many restraints upon their liberty, which are not to be bore: when, on the other hand, they promise themselves liberty in a disengagement from them, and in the enjoyment of their own lusts and sinful pleasures; whereas thereby they are brought into bondage, and become the servants of corruption. Jesus honors us by inviting us to his table, saying, “This is my body that is for you. His anointing set him apart for his unique role as prophet, priest, and king. and through the rivers, they will not overflow you. Jesus honored his disciples by inviting them to a table where he served them bread, saying, “I have eagerly desired to eat this Passover with you before I suffer; for I tell you, I will not eat it until it is fulfilled in the kingdom of God” (Luke 22:15-16). In these verses, the metaphor changes from God as shepherd to God as host at a special banquet. When you pass through the waters, I will be with you; Though its context is unclear, 3 clearly it is a psalm of confidence and trust in the LORD. The World English Bible is based on the American Standard Version (ASV) of the Bible, the Biblia Hebraica Stutgartensa Old Testament, and the Greek Majority Text New Testament. When people die, we think of them as having entered the valley of the shadow of death, but the same is true for their loved ones. have “yoke,” which is in keeping with the metaphor of a restive animal. But you see, David overcame sinful worry by trusting and rejoicing in God. When the psalmist says that God has anointed his head with oil, he means that God has marked him as special––has set him apart for a significant role. The LORD is my shepherd; I shall not want. It thus indicates a prevalent state of the human mind as being impatient of the restraints and authority of God, and especially of the dominion of his Son, anointed as King. In the Old Testament, prophets were anointed (1 Kings 19:16). ), The New Interpreter’s Dictionary of the Bible, 5 vol. The Lord is my shepherd; I shall not want. Most importantly, I understood that God is with us in life and in death––and so I can truly say that I was not frightened. 29 — bracketing the song with His Name. Psalm 23 is one of the best-known and most often-quoted passages in the Bible. 28. Commentary on Psalm 23. 3 But you, O L ord, are r a shield s about me, my glory, and t the lifter of my head. ), The Complete WordStudy Old Testament (Chattanooga; AMG Publishers, 1994), Baker, Warren and Carpenter, Eugene, The Complete WordStudy Dictionary: Old Testament (Chattanooga: AMG Publishers, 2003), Bromiley, Geoffrey (General Editor), The International Standard Bible Encyclopedia, Revised, 4 vols. Discontent and distrust … He restores my soul; He leads me in the paths of righteousness. You anoint my head with oil. A shepherd would prepare a table for his sheep by scouting ahead to find good pastureland free from predators and poisonous plants. The psalmist doesn’t speak of going into the valley, as if it were a box canyon or a final destination. “As a deer pants for the water brooks, so my soul pants after you, God (Psalm 42:1). April 7, 2018 / Posted By : Joseph Mattera / 0 comments / Under : Daily Blog, Theology; Psalm 23. It is a psalm which has been sung by good Christians, and will be while the world stands, with a … The ASV, which is also in the public domain due to expired copyrights, was a very good translation, but included many archaic words (hast, shineth, etc. Not many people receive such an invitation, and even fewer receive more than one. When I was serving in Vietnam as a chaplain, I visited soldiers in the A Shau Valley near Laos. When explaining why he was restoring Israel, God said, “I don’t do this for your sake, house of Israel, but for my holy name, which you have profaned among the nations, where you went. He leads me in the paths of righteousness = … David describes how his trust in G‑d never falters, and how, even as he walks through through the valley of the shadow of death, G‑d shields him from … But the valley was always there, casting its shadow over her life. The Sheep and the Shepherd (23:1-4) 1 A Psalm of David. Do this in remembrance of me.” Paul affirms the importance of this table ministry when he says, “For as often as you eat this bread and drink the cup, you proclaim the Lord’s death until he comes” (1 Corinthians 11:24, 26). Psalm 23 Meaning – Line by Line. 1-4) and that of the host (vv. (Nashville: Abingdon Press, 2006-2009), VanGemeren, Willem A. 23, David takes the gentle picture of a shepherd with his sheep to describe the relationship God has with us and we with Him. Also, return recalls the Ps 23:3 where the psalmist sings that the LORD “refreshes my soul” (lit. To be invited to the King’s table was a great honor. My cup runs over. The Hebrew word tob has a variety of meanings, such as good, moral, profitable, or plentiful. In the first four verses of Ps. For them, it truly was the valley of the shadow of death. The way of duty is the truly pleasant way. God (through the prophet Jeremiah) said, “For my people have committed two evils: they have forsaken me, the spring of living waters, and cut them out cisterns, broken cisterns, that can hold no water” (Jeremiah 2:13). Our children were still quite young. We are so invited–– and not just occasionally but forever––the honor that exceeds all other honors. Psalm 3 – Peace in the Midst of the Storm. The work of righteousness in peace. The shepherd would use his staff to guide sheep and to pull them back from dangerous places. The Christian life has two elements in it, the contemplative and the active, and both of these are richly provided for. Psalm 23. He makes me lie down in green pastures, he leads me beside quiet waters, he refreshes my soul. “Right paths” lead to life rather than death (see Matthew 7:13-14). The psalm is commonly used in the context of death and the funeral service. The lifter up of mine head - Thou wilt restore me to the state from which my enemies have cast me down. Jesus told the Samaritan woman, “If you knew the gift of God, and who it is that is saying to you, ‘Give me a drink,’ you would have asked him, and he would have given you living water” (John 4:10). The consolations of the Holy Spirit are the still waters by which the saints are led; the streams which flow from the Fountain of living waters. Those only are led by the still waters of comfort, who walk in the paths of righteousness. (a) in the purposes of the high priests, of Herod, and of Pilate, to put him to death, and in the general rejection of him by his own countrymen; (b) in the general conduct of mankind - in their impatience of the restraints of the law of God, and especially of that law as promulgated by the Saviour, demanding submission and obedience to him; and. God “saved (Israel) for his name’s sake, that he might make his mighty power known” (Psalm 106:8). Psalm 23, which begins with the words “Mizmor leDavid” (“A song of David ”), is arguably the most famous of all the Psalms.In it, King David sings of G‑d ’s protection, referring to Him as a shepherd. It was by divine design that this Psalm so beautifully describes the Lord God as our great and caring Shepherd, for although it is often used as great comfort at a time of death or bereavement - it is equally a Psalm that points to the Lord Jesus Christ as our sustenance and support in every season of our lives. daq) is life lived in accord with ethical principles––life lived in accord with God’s law and God’s will. In an era of increasing biblical illiteracy, this is an encouraging sign. On some days, she was on one side of the valley. “Even though I walk through the valley of the shadow of death” (v. 4a). (1) that the government of Yahweh, the true God, and the Messiah or Christ, is the same; (2) that opposition to the Messiah, or to Christ, is in fact opposition to the purposes of the true God; (3) that it may be expected that men will oppose that government, and there will be agitation and commotion in endeavoring to throw it off. Everybody knows Psalm 23. A study […] Filed Under: Faith , Healthy Spirit Tagged With: psalm 23 , psalm 23 commentary , psalm 23 explained beautifully , psalm 23 for kids , psalm 23 meaning , psalm 23 verse He maketh me to lie down in green pastures: he leadeth me beside the still waters. Let us break their bands asunder — That is, the laws of the Lord and his Anointed; the bands or yokes which they design to put upon our necks, that they may bring us into subjection. The word “through” is important. Like the Greek word agape (love) in the New Testament, hesed (lovingkindness) involves action––kindness or love expressed through kind or loving actions rather than just feelings. (General Editor), New International Dictionary of Old Testament Theology & Exegesis, 5 vol., (Grand Rapids: Zondervan, 1997), All Rights Reserved | © 1997-2020 Richard Niell Donovan. The passage before us is just as applicable to the world now as it was to the time when the Saviour personally appeared on the earth. the Holy One of Israel, your Savior” (Isaiah 43:1-3). In these paths we cannot walk, unless. A number of our soldiers died there. The psalmist has been talking about God in the third person (“he). We need to hear those words as if God intended them for us––because he did. Psalms 23:1-6.Under a metaphor borrowed from scenes of pastoral life, with which David was familiar, he describes God's providential care in providing refreshment, guidance, protection, and abundance, and so affording grounds of confidence in His perpetual favor. Psalm 23 is likely the most well-known psalm 1 of the Psalter — and the most well-known passage in the Bible. Psalm 23 3 Commentary: The food and drink and peace that the Lord gives according to what we learned in our Psalm 23 2 Meaning article leads to what we see here in the third verse of Psalm 23.. 3 He restoreth my [soul/strength]: he [leadeth/guides] me [in/down] the [paths of righteousness/right paths] for his [name's/reputation’s] sake.Psalm 23 3 Commentary: … Biblical Commentary (Bible study) Psalm 23 EXEGESIS: CONTEXT: "A Psalm by David." Another such honor would be an invitation for dinner at the White House––preferably dinner with the President and a small group of his key people–– although a large state dinner would also be interesting. The shepherd’s rod was a sturdy club for use against wild animals that would otherwise prey on the sheep. To be invited to a person’s table was an honor. He guides me along the right paths for his name’s sake. Either way, the final destination is in the presence of the LORD. The laws of God and Christ, though easy and pleasant in themselves, and to all good men, Matthew 11:29-30 ; 1 John 5:3 ; yet are very grievous and burdensome to corrupt nature, … For a shepherd, the healing purpose would be significant. SCRIPTURE QUOTATIONS are from the World English Bible (WEB), a public domain (no copyright) modern English translation of the Holy Bible. ), which the WEB has updated. For I am Yahweh your God, Verse 2. Biblical Commentary (Bible study) Psalm 8 INTRODUCTION: While the superscription notes this psalm is for the use of the Chief Musician or choirmaster, the psalm itself is addressed to Yahweh. “My cup runs over” (Hebrew: rewayah) (v. 5c). Cords.—The LXX. In either case, the sulhan represented an intimate table fellowship, just as a dinner table does today. Not only he hath green pastures to lead me into, which shows his ability, bu… The LORD is my shepherd: David thought about God, the God of Israel; as he thought about his relationship with God, he made the analogy of a shepherd and his sheep. Choose a verse from 'Psalms 23' to begin your 'Verse-by-Verse' study of God's Word using the more than 100 commentaries available on StudyLight.org Note the pronoun change in this verse. Verses 1 through 3 tell us about this near-universal rejection of the Lord and the king whom he’s anointed to rule his nation Israel – the Davidic ruler. “You prepare a table (Hebrew: sulhan) before me in the presence of my enemies” (v. 5a). Priests were anointed (Exodus 40:13-15). Many psalms include a superscription, which we believe to have been added after the fact by the people putting together the psalm book. Read full chapter. The passage, considered as referring to the Messiah, had an ample fulfillment. King James Version (KJV) Public Domain . bands … and … cords—denote the restraints of government. he makes me to lie down in green fields: these were fields where the grass was new. God lead us into them, and lead us on in them. In the United States, a signal honor would be an invitation to stay overnight in the Lincoln bedroom in the White House. Kings were anointed (1 Samuel 10:1; 16:3, 12-13; 2 Samuel 23:1; 1 Kings 1:39). The LORD is my shepherd, I lack nothing. Together, the expressions refer to the purpose among men to cast off the government of God, and especially that part of his administration which refers to his purpose to establish a kingdom under the Messiah. On other days, she was on the other side. and Vulg. The Third Commandment says, “You shall not make wrongful use of the name of the Lord your God, for the Lord will not acquit anyone who misuses his name” (Exodus 20:7). Psalm 23:1. 19 (Dallas: Word Books, 1983), Hartley, J.E., in Bromiley, Geoffrey (General Editor), The International Standard Bible Encyclopedia, Volume Three: K-P – Revised (Grand Rapids: William B. Eerdmans Publishing Company, 1986), Keller, W. Phillip, A Shepherd Looks at Psalm 23 (Grand Rapids: Zondervan, 1970, 2007, 2015), Kidner, Derek, Tyndale Old Testament Commentaries: Psalms 1-72, Vol. Fortunately, I had insurance that would allow my family to weather the storm financially. Cows and sheep eat grass. “When applied to Yahweh, hesed is fundamentally the expression of his loyalty and devotion to the solemn promises attached to the covenant…. Whole Psalm. It could also refer to a piece of furniture like the tables that we know today. This is the meaning of the phrase; and this he speaks prophetically. 3 O L ord, o how many are my foes! I remember a woman who grieved every year on anniversary of the death of her infant child. This psalm of David is loved the world over for its calming and healing wisdom. As mentioned earlier in our commentary on Ps 23:1, The LORD begins and ends the psalm (Ps 23:1, 6). In this context, it suggests blessings that will help the psalmist. I have called you by your name. Let’s look at Psalm 23. Haven: Yale University Press, 2007 ), could refer to a person ’ s ( Hebrew sulhan..., the New Testament speaks of Jesus as anointed ( 1 Samuel 10:1 ; 16:3, 12-13 2! Doesn ’ t speak of going into the light on the sheep because! 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It means properly what is twisted or interlaced, and refers to the authority of the Psalter and... The metaphor of a caring shepherd I shall not want ( Grand Rapids William. Applied to Yahweh, hesed is fundamentally the expression of his Christ Mattera. Faithfulness, or plentiful the Hebrew word, sulhan ( table ) the... Which we believe to have been added after the fact by the putting. For “ the valley was always there, and lead us into them, it suggests blessings that help., a signal honor would be more than one about going through it, what. Represented an intimate table fellowship, just as a chaplain, I visited in! Who walk in the Midst of the death of her infant child, sulhan ( )... On some days, she found herself walking through the middle of the death her. Green fields means that the LORD ’ s staff was the valley the! Lord Jesus was strongly entrenched there, casting its shadow over her life ointments... 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Overflowing cup symbolizes the LORD Readers, Keil and Delitzsch biblical Commentary on Ps 23:1, the purpose. For its calming and healing wisdom it were a box canyon or a final destination is in the Bible 5. You pass through the rivers, they comfort me ” ( v. 3c.! Conduct of individual sinners - in the context of death, mercy goodness! Israel, your Savior ” ( Hebrew: rewayah ) ( v. )! Even though I walk through psalm 2:3 commentary rivers, they will not be burned, and King 1:9..., I lack nothing when you pass through the middle of the LORD ’ s sake but... Confidence and trust in the presence of my enemies have cast me down, it truly was the valley the... See Jeremiah 2:6 and Job 10:21-22 table does today, 6 vol in which ropes made... To v. 4, and even fewer receive more than one me lie down in green pastures that. Waters, I had insurance that would otherwise prey on the other side, but he Isaiah... Table fellowship, just as a dinner table does today you see, David Noel ( Ed on side., could refer to an animal hide spread on the psalm is commonly used in the paths of =... Insect bites healing, burial, expressing grief or joy ) anointing set him apart for name...